vertebrae


Thoracic Spine

thoracic spine

 

Thoracic Spine

 

Bones and areas to remember for the Thoracic Spine:

  1. 12 Vertebrae in the Thoracic Spine
  2. Spinous Process
  3. Transverse Process
  4. Body of the Vertebrae
  5. Superior Costal Facets (for the head of the ribs

 

Thoracic Vertebrae & Anatomy

Thoracic Vertebrae & Anatomy


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Bones and areas to remember:

  1. 5 Lumbar Vertebrae

  2. Spinous Process

  3. Transverse Process

  4. Body of the vertebrae

{Lumbar Spine Vertebra Anatomy}

{Lumbar Spine Vertebra Anatomy}

Lumbar Vertebra Side View

Lumbar Vertebra Side View


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{Diagram of cervical vertebrae}

{Diagram of cervical vertebrae}

{Top Cervical Vertebrae C1 & C2}

{Top Cervical Vertebrae C1 & C2}

There are seven 7 cervical bones, but 8 cervical spinal nerves. The Cervical vertebrae are the smallest and most delicate of all the vertebrae. The cervical vertebrae are numbered from top-to-bottom starting with C1 and ending at C7. The atlas (C1) and axis (C2), are the vertebrae that allow the neck and head more movement than all the vertebrae. The Occipital joint allows the skull to move up and down, while the axial joint allows the upper neck to twist left and right.

Bones and areas to remember:

  1. There are 7 cervical vertebrae, but 8 cervical nerves.
  2. C1 is the Atlas. C2 is the Axis
  3. Transverse Process
  4. Spinous Process
  5. Body of the vertebrae
  6. The cervical vertebrae allow greater range of motion than all the other vertebrae.
{Cervical Vertebra}

{Cervical Vertebra}

This is the base of the skull showing the "Foramen Magnum" which is the large opening to the skull from the occipital bone of the cranium through which the spinal cord connects to the medulla oblongata of the brainstem.

This is the base of the skull showing the “Foramen Magnum” which is the large opening to the skull from the occipital bone of the cranium through which the spinal cord connects to the medulla oblongata of the brainstem.

This illustration is the Cervical Vertebrae and its connection to the skull which protects the spinal cord

This illustration is the Cervical Vertebrae and its connection to the skull which protects the spinal cord.


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Pelvic Girdle & Sacrum Bone

Areas to remember are:

1- iliac Crest

2- ilium

3- Sacroiliac Joint (Connection of the Sacrum and ilium)

4- Ischium

5- Pubic Symphysis ( The cartilage the connect the two separate sides if the pelvic bone together)

6- Sacrum

7- Coccyx (The small tail like bone under the sacrum)

8- Sacrum Foramen

 

 

 

{Pelvic girdle-Ischium Iliac Crest}

Pelvic girdle-Ischium & Iliac Crest

 

 


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